Everything about Iranian Culture
Here, Armin Ofogh Immigration Group present some interesting information about Iran's culture.
Persian or Farsi is the official language of Iran, is historically one of the most prominent languages of the Middle East and extended regions. Iranian culture is one of the oldest in the region, and it has influenced cultures like Italy, Macedonia, Greece, Russia, the Arabian Peninsula, and parts of Asia. Islam is practiced by the majority of Iranians and governs their personal, political, economic and legal lives.
The Persian calendar is a solar calendar, however, some of the official religious Islamic and Shia holidays are based on a lunar calendar. Government official working days are from Saturday to Wednesday.
Family matters are very important, as they take their responsibilities to their family very seriously. Women are protected and taken care of and it is inappropriate to ask questions about an Iranian’s wife or other female relatives. Loyalty to the family has a niche in every family in Iran.
Typical wedding rituals occur in two stages. The first stage, Aghd, represents the legal aspect of marriage in Iran, where the bride and groom sign a marriage contract, usually in the bride’s home. The second phase, Jashn-e Aroosi, is the wedding reception, where feasts and celebrations are held.
Arts and Literature
Great art heritage in architecture, paintings, calligraphy and poetry is unequivocal in Iran, whatever you see and wherever you go. This heritage was translated to several languages and influenced many cultures. Contemporary literature was influenced by classical Persian poetry although it reflects the particularities of modern day Iran. Houshang Moradi-Kermani, is one of the most famous modern Iranian writers and is known as the most translated modern Iranian author.
Iranian films are celebrated and internationally acclaimed. The films have won 300 international awards in the past 10 years. The best known Persian directors are as follows:
Abbas Kiarostami, Majid Majidi, and Asghar Farhadi.
Fine silk and wool rug weaving showcase long history of Iran and it is the important reason to answer why Persian rugs are internationally known as the most gorgous across the world. Iran produces more rugs and carpets than all other countries put together.
Etiquette and Customs in Iran
In Iran some important rules for etiquette and customs should be observed.
- The most common greeting is “salaam alaykum” or more simply “salaam” which means “peace”. "Doroud" is the other way to show greetings.
- Introductions are generally restricted to members of the same sex since men and women socialize separately.
- When Iranians greet each other they take their time and converse about general things.
- Try to never be late, punctuality is appreciated.
- Show respect for elders by greeting them first.
- Iranians prefer to do business with those they know and respect, therefore they expect to spend time cultivating a personal relationship before business is conducted.
- Iranians are deliberate negotiators and can drive a hard bargain.
- Companies are hierarchical. Decisions are made at the top of the company, either by one person or a small council.
- Business attire is formal and conservative.
When presenting business cards, it is recommended to have one side of your card translated into Farsi, and to present your card so the Farsi side faces the recipient.